### Chapter 1: Background to Building Energy

### • Appreciation of the importance of building energy use

• Familiarity with activities of USDO E’s Buildings Technology Office (BTO) and Building Energy Data Book ( BEDB)

• Familiarity with how overall energy use patterns changed historically and with building type- and reasons for it

• Familiarity with how residences and commercial buildings differ in terms of end-use energy

• Familiarity with different phases of a building in its life cycle and role of different building professionals

• Be able to evaluate energy investments using simple energy payback criterion

• Competence in unit conversions (SI and IP units)

• Appreciation of usefulness of order of magnitude calculations

### Chapter 2: Fluid Flow and Thermodynamics

### • Competence in basic physical properties: mass, volume, pressure, temperature, density, viscosity

• Competence in basic thermal properties: specific heat, heat of vaporization, internal energy, enthalpy, entropy

• Understand phase changes and kinetic theory.

• Familiarity with Gibbs phase rule and its usefulness

• Familiarity with real and ideal gases, and Ideal Gas Law

• Familiarity with different flow regimes, turbulent and laminar flows through pipes and flat surfaces

• Understand how to apply conservation of mass and momentum principles

• Familiarity with different forms of stored energy

• Understand the difference between stored energy and energy transfer

• Understand the application of the first law of thermodynamics to closed and open systems

• Familiarity with the second law of thermodynamic and its usefulness which limits energy conservation and the direction of flow

• Understand difference between the three modes of HT: conduction, convection, and radiation

• Appreciate distinction between 1-D, 2-D and 3-D conduction HT

• Familiarity with concepts of conductivity and resistivity of materials

• Understand analogy of heat transfer and electricity networks

• Be able to solve problems involving conduction HT through simple and composite walls under series and parallel configurations

• Understand concept of conduction shape factor and its usefulness

• Understand the usefulness and limitations of Newton’s law of cooling

• Familiarity with different correlations to estimate convective HT

• Be able to apply correlations to solve forced and natural convection problems

• Be able to analyze problems involving combined conduction-convection HT

• Appreciate the differences and applicability between the two possible network wall network configurations for analyzing HT through a composite wall

• Familiarity with the solar wavelength spectrum with its different bands

• Familiarity with Plank’s law and Wien’s law

• Be able to solve problems involving Stefan?Boltzmann equation

• Familiarity with the various optical properties of materials

• Familiarity with the radiative properties of building materials

• Be able to solve problems involving radiation HT in enclosures and between different surfaces

• Understand the concept of linearized radiative HT coefficient

• Familiarity with the use of radiation shape factor concept and how to estimate it from charts for parallel and orthogonal planes

• Familiarity with tables listing combined convection and radiation coefficients

• Be able to solve problems involving combined convection and radiation HT

• Familiarity with effectiveness of radiant barriers in attics

• Familiarity with the concept of thermal bridges and its relevance to heat flows through building envelopes

### Chapter 3: Comfort and IAQ

### • Understand the basics of human comfort & health and the various factors which affect them

• Familiarity with the metabolic rates, unit of “met”, unit of “Clo“

• Be able to analyze simple cases to predict response of the human body to different environments using the thermal network model

• Familiarity with the various environmental indices for measuring comfort: direct and indirect indices

• Understanding of the concepts of mean radiant and operative temperatures

• Familiarity with the ASHRAE thermal sensation scale and the concepts of PMV and PPD

• Be able to use the standard ASHRAE chart to determine acceptable range of comfort temperature and relative humidity

• Be able to use correlations and associated charts to analyze non-standard indoor conditions

• Understanding of the applicability of the adaptive comfort model

• Familiarity with how occupant productivity and complaints rate are affected by indoor conditions

• Understanding importance of indoor air quality

• Familiarity with possible sources and effects of indoor air contaminants

• Familiarity with outdoor and indoor air quality standards

• Knowledge of different types of ventilation methods, both local and general, and how they dilute and limit contaminants

• Knowledge of the different types of air filters

• Be able to calculate ventilation requirements based on ASHRAE 62 standard

• Understanding of analysis methods involving one-zone and two-zone models of indoor spaces

• Understand concept of ventilation effectiveness

• Familiarity with sick building syndrome and responsibilities of different stakeholders

Chapter 4: Solar Radiation